Mastering Technical Analysis Using Directional Indicators

Technical analysis is a critical component of any trader’s arsenal. A trader who lacks technical analysis can be left at a disadvantage when the market is unpredictable. Technical analysis uses indicators and patterns to predict how the market will behave in the future, and traders use this information when placing trades. The positive directional indicator, or +DI, is one of the technical analysis’s most common indicators. This indicator tells traders whether the current price trend is up or down, and it can help them evaluate signals and determine entry points for trades.

directional indicators

In this blog post, we’ll cover what the positive directional indicator – or directional index – is, when to incorporate it into your trading process, how to calculate it, and how to use it to understand the market’s momentum better. We’ll also touch upon wilder’s smoothing techniques that can improve the accuracy of the indicator and trend direction crossovers – which are key indicators to look out for when determining if a trend has reversed.

How to use Directional Movement Index in trading?

The Directional Movement Index (DMI) is a popular technical metatrader 4 indicators in trading systems. It helps traders identify a trend’s strength and when to enter or exit a trade. To use the DMI, traders first need to determine the direction. The DMI consists of positive directional movement (+DI) and negative directional movement (-DI). The trend is bullish when the +DI line is above the -DI line, and traders should consider buying.


Conversely, the trend is bearish when the -DI cross line is above the +DI line, and traders should consider selling. The ADX line is another component of the DMI, and it helps to measure the trend’s strength. When the ADX line is above 25, it suggests that the trend is solid and worth considering for trading. Overall, traders can use the DMI as a reliable tool for determining the best trading opportunities.

What Is the Positive Directional Indicator (+DI)?

The +DI is a technical indicator to predict the stock market’s future direction. It is a moving average of a directional index, such as the S&P 500 index, and moves in a positive direction when the index moves up and in a negative direction when it moves down.

The +DI can be used with other technical mt4 indicators to form buy or sell signals. You can use the hand to identify opportunities to buy or sell stocks by looking for specific values on the hand. The mt4 indicator tells you whether prices are moving higher or lower than average, which can help you make informed decisions about trading stocks. However, you must know enough technical analysis before using the indicator.

Key Takeaways

The Positive Directional Indicator (+DI) is a component of the Average Directional Index (ADX) and is used to measure the presence of an uptrend. In technical analysis, the +DI is plotted along with the Negative Directional Indicator (-DI) to help determine whether an uptrend or downtrend is present. When the +DI is sloping upward, it is a buy signal that the uptrend is getting stronger. The crossovers between the +DI and -DI are sometimes used as trade signals, as the crossover indicates the possibility of a new trend emerging. A new trend may form when the indicator shows crossovers between positive and negative values.

The formula for the Positive Directional Indicator (+DI)

A positive directional indicator, sometimes known as a bullish indicator, is a technical forex indicator that displays the price of a security moving higher when it is trending upward. The formula for calculating the positive directional indicator is as follows:

Where DM = current high – previous high

TR = true range + previous close – the previous high

E = EMA of +DM <ATR> (where EMA signifies average moving average)

This indicator helps traders to identify intense buying pressure. This can be used to predict a sharp rise in the value of a security. Moreover, it could also signal a temporary pullback or exhaustion of the buying momentum.

Sometimes known as the bullish indicator, this technical indicator has two key features – its value increases when the current price trend moves higher and decreases when it moves lower. It has a true average range of 0 and 2 standard deviations above the average price trend.

The positive directional indicator is calculated by finding +DM and true range – the greatest of current high – current low, recent high – previous close, or contemporary soft – previous finish. The value of +DI will always be 100 times EMA divided by ATR for 14 days.

With this simple yet effective indicator, traders can identify intense buying pressure and make well-informed trading decisions.

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How to Calculate the Positive Directional Indicator (+DI)

The Positive Directional Indicator (+DI) is a directional indicator that predicts a security’s price movement. The formula to calculate the +DI is as follows:

– subtract previous high from current high;

– if previous low – current Low is more significant than recent high – previous high, then the indicator can be used;

– if the current high – previous high is more significant than recent low – previous Low, then the true range should be used instead of +DM;

– and finally, average 14 periods of +DM and true range.

+DM is calculated by subtracting the previous high from the current joy. When Previous Low – Current Low > Current High – Previous High, the indicator can be used. Similarly, when Current High < Previous High < Current Low < Previous Low, the actual range should be used instead of +DM.

It is essential to use smoothing formulas when calculating and interpreting directional indicators. These formulas can help you avoid making mistakes in your trading decisions when using directional arrows.

The positive directional indicator can help you predict a security’s price movement more accurately. You can use it to make more accurate trading decisions when analyzing a security’s price movement over some time.

What Does the Positive Directional Indicator (+DI) Tell You?

The positive directional indicator ( +DI) is a technical indicator that helps investors determine if a stock’s price is headed higher or lower. It is a line drawn parallel to the high of the range of a moving average. When the indicator is positive, it suggests that the price of a stock is on an uptrend; when negative, it indicates a downtrend.

The indicator’s value can range from -100 to +100. Its value tells you whether the trend of a particular security is up or down. The hand signals a buy or a sell signal based on its direction.

The indicator’s direction indicates whether the security price trend is up or down. When it’s negative, this signals a downtrend suitable for bearish traders. But when it’s positive, it signals an uptrend, which indicates strong buying interest by bullish traders.

The Differences Between the Positive Directional Indicator (+DI) and a Moving Average

In technical analysis, directional indicators such as the +DI and -DI help traders analyze price movements and determine which direction the asset is trending. The calculation of the +DI is different than a moving average, providing additional information to a trader. The +DI measures the presence of an uptrend by using the Plus Directional Movement indicator values (+DM) and Minus Directional Movement indicator values (-DM). These indicator values are determined by calculating the range between the highest closing price over a given time frame and the lowest closing price over this same time frame.

On the other hand, the moving average tracks price movements over a set period by taking an average of previous prices, which does not indicate whether an asset is trending upward or downward. The calculations of -DI and +DI differ slightly in that -DI is calculated by subtracting the moving average value from the current price; in contrast, +DI is calculated by adding the moving average value to the current price. Both indicator values provide valuable information for traders, but -DI offers additional insight into whether an asset is trending upwards or downwards.

Using the DMI to Trade Trends

The DMI, or Directional Movement Index, provides traders a powerful tool to identify trends and potential trading opportunities. It utilizes a complex calculation that compares the highs and lows of two different time frames and plots the difference as a single line.

This line will either rise or fall, indicating the strength and direction of the trend. Traders can use this information to enter positions in the direction of the trend and hold onto them until the trend reverses. The DMI can also identify potential reversals by looking for divergences between the price movement and the direction of the DMI line. By incorporating the DMI into their trading strategies, traders can increase their chances of success by trading alongside reliable trends.

Using the DMI to Trade Ranges

Using the DMI (Directional Movement Indicator) to trade ranges can be an effective strategy in the financial markets. The DMI measures an asset’s trend’s upward or downward movement and can identify when a field is likely to occur. When the DMI is low, it may indicate that the market is moving sideways or in a ranging pattern. Traders can use this information to enter a trade at the support or resistance level of the range and exit once the price reaches the opposite boundary.

The DMI can also confirm a trend reversal in a range-bound market. However, it’s important to note that the DMI is not infallible and should be used with other technical indicators and fundamental analysis. Trading ranges can be profitable, but discipline and risk management are crucial.

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Difference between the Directional Movement Index and the Aroon Indicator

The Directional Movement Index (DMI) and the Aroon Indicator are both technical analysis tools used to identify trends in the market. However, there are some fundamental differences between the two indicators. The DMI determines whether a call is trending and, if so, in what direction. It consists of three lines: the +DMI, -DMI, and the ADX buy sell (Average Directional Movement Index).

The +DMI measures bullish pressure, while the -DMI measures bearish pressure. The Aroon Indicator, on the other hand, is used to determine whether a trend is beginning or ending. It consists of two lines: the Aroon up and Aroon down. The Aroon up measures the strength of an uptrend, while the Aroon down measures the strength of a downtrend. In summary, while the DMI is primarily used to determine the direction of a trend, the Aroon Indicator is used to identify early trends.

Wilder’s Smoothing Techniques

Wilder’s Smoothing Techniques calculate the Average Directional Indicator (ADX), Directional Movement Index (DI), and -DI. These indicators are widely used to study the directional movement of a stock price over time.

To get actual ADX values, it can take around 150 periods of data. For example, Wilder’s average smoothing technique calculates the real average directional index value using a moving average of 200 periods of closing prices. This indicator uses an average directional index formula based on moving averages of a range index over some time. The moving average indicator is calculated by taking the standard of a range index value over a period selected by an arrow. If the range index value exceeds the Kumharsum minimum, it becomes negative and vice versa.

J. Welles Wilder invented the Average Directional Index (ADx) in 1978. Obtaining actual ADX values requires about 150 periods of data. To get real ADX value, it can take around 150 periods of data for various moving averages based on closing prices, such as 20-day EMA, 50-day EMA, 100-day EMA, 200-day EMA, etc. The moving average indicator is calculated by taking the standard of a range index value over a period selected by an arrow.

The Average True Range (ATR) indicator is another standard indicator developed by Wilder to calculate actual average actual range value over 14 periods using moving averages of range index values based on closing prices. The moving average indicator is calculated by taking the standard of a range index value over a period selected by an indicator such as 20 Day EMA or 50 day EMAs

Trend Direction and Crossovers

Directional indicators are a popular tool in the technical analysis of financial markets. These indicators, such as the Directional Movement Index (DMI) and average directional index (ADX), measure a market’s directional movement by tracking how often prices move above or below a specific price level. The indicator is a valuable indicator for gauging the trend of a market.

The indicator consists of two components – positive directional indicator (+DI) and negative directional indicator (-DI). +DI is the percentage of the true range that is up, while -DI is the percentage of the actual content that is down. When +DI is higher than -DI, this indicates an upward trend; when -DI is more excellent than +DI, it signals a downward trend.

Both metatrader 4 indicators can be used in both ranging and trending markets. Besides, they also help traders identify buy and sell signals.

Limitations of Directional Movement Index

The Directional Movement Index (DMI) is a popular technical analysis indicator that identifies the strength and direction of a trend. However, like any other indicator, DMI has its limitations. One of the significant drawbacks of DMI is its tendency to generate false signals during choppy market conditions. In other words, the DMI tends to give confusing signals when the market is trending sideways, which can mislead traders.

Another limitation of DMI is its inability to predict price reversals accurately. Although it can signal the beginning of a trend, it often fails to tell traders when the trend is about to end. Therefore, traders must complement DMI with other technical indicators to maximize their trading potential. While DMI can be a valuable tool for identifying trends, it comes with its limitations that traders need to pay attention to.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is the use of directional indicators?

The Average Directional Index (ADX) indicator is used to determine whether there is a price trend. ADX is a non-directional indicator, measuring the movement’s strength but not its direction. The primary purpose of the ADX indicator is to identify whether an asset is trending in order or stuck in a range. ADX helps traders choose the most vital trends and how to let profits run when the trend is strong. When the market is trending, the ADX indicator will move higher than usual, and when the trend reverses, the ADX indicator will move lower than usual.

What are some examples of directional indicators?

Directional indicators are technical indicators that measure a security’s price movement trend. They usually display as two separate lines, with the green line representing rising prices and the red line representing falling prices.

The Average Directional Index (ADX) is derived from the smoothed average of the difference between +DI and -DI and is used to measure the trend’s strength. The +DI line is subtracted from the -DI line to determine if the price rises or drops.

According to William Wilder, when +DI is higher than -DI, it indicates a strong uptrend, and when +DI sinks lower than -DI, it signals a strong downtrend. He recommends buying when +DI is higher than -DI and selling when +DI sinks lower than -DI.

What are the best directional indicators for trading?

One of the most commonly used directional indicators for trading is the Average Directional Index (ADX). ADX is a technical indicator that helps traders identify whether to buy or sell an asset. It complements other technical indicators, like the RSI indicator and MACD, by helping traders avoid range conditions and find the most vital trends to ride.

The ADX indicator is derived from two existing indicators – the Positive Directional Movement Indicator (+DMI) and the Negative Directional Movement Indicator (-DMI). The -DMI indicator reflects negative price movement, while the +DMI indicator reflects positive action. Together, these indicators help traders determine when a trend has already been established and which direction it might be moving in.

As with all indicators, always check their parameters (like settings and thresholds) before using them in your trading strategies. Doing so will help you to optimize performance and minimize risk when trading cryptocurrencies.

Which indicator is better: Stochastic, ADX, or ATR?

As a trader, you may find the Average Directional Index (ADX) a helpful indicator. ADX was created by J. Welles Wilder in 1978 and is a single-line oscillating indicator that ranges from 0 to 100. It measures trend strength without differentiating between uptrends and downtrends.

The Positive Directional Indicator (+DI) and the Negative Directional Indicator (-DI) work together to provide a complete picture of how an index moves. The +DI signals an index is moving upwards, and the -DI signals an index is moving downwards.

Trading strategies using ADX include ADX and On-Balance Strategy, ADX with Parabolic SAR, and ADX Price Divergence.

Where can I find some information about making my directional indicator?

If you’re interested in making your directional indicator, you can find a lot of helpful information on the subject by reading up on the basics of direction indicators. Popular Science’s article, “How Aircraft Instruments Work, ” will give you a good understanding of the different components and how they generate directional movement.

Another excellent resource for directional indicators is Search Result 101. In this article, they discuss the different types of directional arrows that are used on maps, along with the purposes they serve.

Finally, you can get creative and make your directional indicator by following the instructions in Search Result 104. This article provides a detailed guide on creating a directional indicator from scratch.


Technical analysis looks at various factors to analyze a market, ranging from economic reports and fundamentals to previous price movements and trading activity. While technical analysis can help you pinpoint an investment’s likely direction, it cannot tell you whether an asset will go up or down. You need to rely on your own experience and knowledge of the market.

However, technical analysis can help you identify possible trend changes. The Positive Directional Indicator (+DI) is a leading indicator that helps identify trending markets. It works by measuring the current trend’s strength and comparing it with previous price movements. The indicator signals a strong trend if there have been more upward than downward price movements over a certain period. Besides providing information about trending asset prices, the hand also helps smooth out short-term price fluctuations for better long-term investment decisions.

Author: Dominic Walsh

I am a highly regarded trader, author & coach with over 16 years of experience trading financial markets. Today I am recognized by many as a forex strategy developer. After starting blogging in 2014, I became one of the world's most widely followed forex trading coaches, with a monthly readership of more than 40,000 traders! Make sure to follow me on social media: Instagram | Facebook | Linkedin | Youtube| Twitter | Pinterest | Medium | Telegram Channel | Quora | Reddit

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